Morbid Obesity is the most common metabolic disorder in developed countries. In our industrialized world, the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st have been awash with high energy, accessible and cheap foods, and technological advances have enabled achievements with minimal physical effort.
The World Health Organization has declared Obesity to be the world’s number one health problem and over the last decade we have been witness to an epidemic. Obesity can cause premature death and many other problems such as high blood pressure, heart disease, lung problems, diabetes, osteoporosis, depression, cancer, and others.
Obesity stems from an imbalance between energy intake and output. This can be due to genetic or hormonal factors, the number of fatty cells in the body, behavioral habits, lack of physical activity, problematic nutrition, etc.

How can it be diagnosed?
Diagnosis is through a simple BMI (Body Mass Index) test, which measures the ratio between height and weight. Up to 25 is considered normal, 30 is overweight, above 30 is obese and above 40 is morbidly obese. 

Endoscopic Balloon Treatment
There are many different treatments for obesity: diets, exercise, drugs and even surgery, which can often maim the body. In recent years, scientists have developed a silicon balloon, which is placed in the stomach using an endoscope while the patient is under intravenous sedation. The procedure takes 15 minutes and usually results in the patient losing a certain amount of weight. This procedure reduces surgical risks. 
The balloon is filled with 500cc of saline solution and 10cc of methylene blue, which indicates any leakage from the balloon if it appears in the patient’s urine. The balloon “takes up space” in the stomach, reduces its volume, delays emptying, causes a feeling of fullness and gives the patient a chance to change his or her nutrition and behavioral habits.
There may be initial side effects to the balloon, such as nausea, vomiting and stomach pains. Later it may also lead to reflux. Leakage from the balloon, from the stomach to the intestines, is very rare.  
The balloon remains in the stomach for six months, during which the patient is monitored by a team comprising a doctor, dietician and psychologist. After six months it is removed, again using endoscopy.
In studies around the world, it has been proven that people lose an average of 20kg with the balloon and their BMI is reduced by 2kg/m². A large percentage of patients normalized or significantly improved their metabolic disorders, such as blood pressure, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and even other problems such as lungs and joints complaints.
After monitoring these patients for two years, it was found that 31% revert to their full weight, 40% regain half the weight lost, 20% remain at their new weight and 9% continue to lose weight thanks to their new habits.
There is no doubt this technique is another important addition to the treatment of obesity, with the main aim being to allow the patient an opportunity to change eating and exercise habits, particularly when accompanied by a professional team of specialists throughout the treatment period.