Liposuction surgery is designed to shape specific areas of the body in which there are reserves of stubborn subcutaneous fat. These generally do not react to diets and are largely related to the patient’s gender and genetic tendencies. The operation is not necessarily intended to treat excess weight or reduce the body fat mass. A basic condition for successful surgery is the quality of normal skin in the designated area, with maintained elasticity that will allow for the desired skin contraction after it has been ‘emptied’ of fat and restored to a smooth and uniform appearance.
As an example, signs of skin stretching (striae) do not bode well for skin contraction, because they indicate tears in the elastic fibers, which reduce skin contraction ability. Liposuction in these areas is liable to produce less than optimal results. The most common areas treated by liposuction are the waist, hips and thighs, around the knees, lower abdomen, chin and – in men – the chest.
The actual surgery is performed using a number of small cuts in the skin, so small in fact that we refer to it as scar-free surgery. The aim of the operation is to shape the treated area in such a way that it merges harmoniously with the surrounding areas, creating a smooth and esthetic look. Therefore there is no need to remove all the fatty tissue from the treated area, only the excess.