Over the last decade there has been tremendous progress in identifying the human genetic code and in understanding the hereditary mechanisms involved in different congenital diseases. There are hereditary diseases that largely affect the nervous system and are hence likely to cause disorders in the child's cognitive, motor, emotional and behavioral development from a young age.
Within the Unit for Pediatric Neurology, there are two multi-disciplinary clinics serving children suffering from Prader-Willi and Tourette syndromes.

The Prader-Willi Clinic serves as the national center for this syndrome and the majority of sufferers in Israel are treated here. The Tourette Clinic treats more than 300 children and adolescents from all over the country.

Both clinics are directed by Prof. Varda Gross-Tzur and are supplemented – among other staff – by a child psychiatrist, psychologists, an orthopedic surgeon, geneticists and a clinical nutritionist in order to provide a comprehensive treatment response for children and their families.