information for patients suffering from kidney stones

The first thing a patient can do to prevent stone formation is to drink more liquids than usual. This dilutes the molecules that form the stones. Any liquids are good but water is the best. To avoid complications with different types of water (e.g., hard water with high calcium levels, soft water with high sodium levels), distilled water is highly recommended. Patients should be aiming to pass more than 2 liters of urine a day and it should be light yellow over 24 hours. If your urine is too concentrated, crystals can form much more easily and connect to each other to form stones.

By making sure your urine is diluted – through drinking more – you can significantly reduce the risks. All types of liquids (water, coffee, juices and soft drinks) are good, apart from grapefruit juice. Make sure though that the amount you drink is not the same as the amount you urinate: those living or working in a warm or dry environment will lose liquids through sweating and must drink enough to reach a daily urine volume level of at least 2 liters.

The urologist recommends you increase your volume of liquid intake. Why? Because if your body is generating kidney stones, the most important thing you can do to prevent it happening again is to generate more urine by increasing the amount your drink. Even if your urologist prescribed drugs to prevent kidney stones, you still should be drinking at least 2 liters a day.

Drinking more has many benefits. The water in our bodies has many important functions, including food digestion and removing toxins and other unwanted substances.If you are trying to lose weight or keep your weight as it is, drinking water can create a feeling of fullness and thereby replace high-calorie foods or drinks. Remember that on hot days you lose more water through sweating and breathing and so you should be drinking more to compensate for this loss of liquid.

10 Simple Tips to Help you Drink at Least 2 Liters a Day 

1. It's easier to drink water that tastes good.  Get used to drinking mineral or filtered water.

2. Drink a full glass in transition. As you move from activity to activity during the day – waking up, leaving the house, getting to work, after the bathroom, etc. – make a point of drinking a full glass of water. Make it a habit!

3. Keep a bottle of water on your desk (or with you) at work.

4. Try drinking though a straw. Some people find it easier to drink larger amounts when using a straw.

5. Drink water every hour on the hour (or every two hours).

6. When you feel a craving for food or sugars, drink a glass of water instead.

7. Bring a pitcher of water to work. If you don't finish it by the end of the day, drink it on your way home.

8. Add lemon to cold water.

9. Take a water bottle with you wherever you go.

10. Eat moist foods, like fresh fruits rather than dried fruits, for example.